The Vinhos Verdes region, the largest wine-growing region in Portugal, extends throughout the north-west of the country, being limited to the North by the Minho River, the Atlantic Ocean by the Atlantic Ocean and the Douro River by the South. The current Green Wine Region was delimited at the beginning of the 20th century and today it is divided into nine sub-regions: Monção, Lima, Basto, Cávado, Ave, Amarante, Baião, Sousa and Paiva. The vineyards of the region occupy about 21 thousand hectares of soil, which corresponds to about 15% of the whole viticultural area of the country.
In the region the climate is mild throughout the year as it is influenced by the maritime breezes of the Atlantic Ocean, however, precipitation levels are quite high and the humidity is relatively high. The distribution of rain is mainly concentrated in the winter and spring months. These are the characteristics that justify the green scenarios that predominate in the region.
As far as soils are concerned, in most of the region they are granitic with a high acidity and a low level of phosphorus.
In the region the production of White Wines predominates, but Rosés and Red Wines are also produced. Currently Red Wine represents an increasingly smaller portion of the region’s production and is mainly consumed by local populations.
The main grape varieties grown for the production of White Green Wines are Loureiro, Trajadura, Alvarinho and Arinto (also nicknamed Pedernã). For the Tinto, the Vinhão predominates.
The wines produced in this region are generally fruity with a slight degree of acidity, presenting a moderate alcohol content and a pleasant freshness. They should be consumed, preferably with salads, white meats, fish and seafood, sushi, and other light dishes.